Do elevated TSH levels predict early pregnancy loss in ART patients?

Julian A. Gingold, Kelly Zafman, Jorge Rodriguez-Purata, Michael C. Whitehouse, Joseph A. Lee, Benjamin Sandler, Alan B. Copperman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Introduction: The upper limit of normal TSH has been revised from 5 mIU/L to 2.5 mIU/L. We sought to evaluate IVF patients and the association between abnormal TSH and early pregnancy loss. Methods: A retrospective study of patients who had TSH levels measured within the 2 weeks prior to their fresh autologous IVF cycles (2002–2014). Cohorts were stratified by oocyte age (<35, [35–38), [38–41), [41–43) and ≥43 years), and TSH level [(0–0.5], (0.5–2.5], (2.5–5], and (5–23) mIU/L]. Patients were followed until pregnancy loss or delivery. Model was assessed by chi-square of ANOVA with significance at p < 0.05. Results: TSH was abnormally elevated (>5 mIU/L), mildly elevated ((2.5–5] mIU/L) or suppressed (≤0.5 mIU/L) in 46, 317 and 65 of the 1201 total cycles, respectively. Treatment resulted in 630 pregnancies, 524 clinical pregnancies and 409 deliveries. Pregnancy loss rates were increased in patients ≥38 yo (p < 0.001) but not [35–38) yo (p = 0.40) compared with those <35 yo. Early pregnancy loss rate was not associated with TSH level (p > 0.30) compared with euthyroid patients after adjusting for oocyte age. Conclusion: Early pregnancy loss rate in IVF patients appears to have no relation to recent TSH levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)973-976
Number of pages4
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • Early pregnancy loss
  • euthyroid
  • in vitro fertilization
  • subclinical hypothyroidism
  • thyroid stimulating hormone


Dive into the research topics of 'Do elevated TSH levels predict early pregnancy loss in ART patients?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this