Dnmt3a regulates emotional behavior and spine plasticity in the nucleus accumbens

Quincey Laplant, Vincent Vialou, Herbert E. Covington, Dani Dumitriu, Jian Feng, Brandon L. Warren, Ian Maze, David M. Dietz, Emily L. Watts, Sergio D. Iñiguez, Ja Wook Koo, Ezekiell Mouzon, William Renthal, Fiona Hollis, Hui Wang, Michele A. Noonan, Yanhua Ren, Amelia J. Eisch, Carlos A. Bolaños, Mohamed KabbajGuanghua Xiao, Rachael L. Neve, Yasmin L. Hurd, Ronald S. Oosting, Gouping Fan, John H. Morrison, Eric J. Nestler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

484 Scopus citations


Despite abundant expression of DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts) in brain, the regulation and behavioral role of DNA methylation remain poorly understood. We found that Dnmt3a expression was regulated in mouse nucleus accumbens (NAc) by chronic cocaine use and chronic social defeat stress. Moreover, NAc-specific manipulations that block DNA methylation potentiated cocaine reward and exerted antidepressant-like effects, whereas NAc-specific Dnmt3a overexpression attenuated cocaine reward and was pro-depressant. On a cellular level, we found that chronic cocaine use selectively increased thin dendritic spines on NAc neurons and that DNA methylation was both necessary and sufficient to mediate these effects. These data establish the importance of Dnmt3a in the NAc in regulating cellular and behavioral plasticity to emotional stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1143
Number of pages7
JournalNature Neuroscience
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2010


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