Distributed Genetic Effects of the Corpus Callosum Subregions Suggest Links to Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Related Traits

Megan L. Campbell, Shareefa Dalvie, Alexey Shadrin, Dennis Van Der Meer, Kevin O'Connell, Oleksander Frei, Ole A. Andreassen, Dan J. Stein, Jaroslav Rokicki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The corpus callosum (CC) is a brain structure with a high heritability and potential role in psychiatric disorders. However, the genetic architecture of the CC and the genetic link with psychiatric disorders remains largely unclear. We investigated the genetic architectures of the volume of the CC and its subregions, and the genetic overlap with psychiatric disorders. Methods: We applied multivariate GWAS to genetic and T1-weighted MRI data of 40,894 individuals from the UK Biobank, aiming to boost genetic discovery and to assess the pleiotropic effects across volumes of the five subregions of the CC (posterior, mid posterior, central, mid anterior and anterior) obtained by FreeSurfer 7.1. Multivariate GWAS was run combining all subregions, co-varying for relevant variables. Gene-set enrichment analyses were performed using MAGMA. Linkage disequilibrium score regression (LDSC) was used to determine SNP-based heritability of total CC volume and volumes of its subregions as well as their genetic correlations with relevant psychiatric traits. Results: We identified 70 independent loci with distributed effects across the five subregions of the CC (p < 5 × 10-8). Additionally, we identified 33 significant loci in the anterior subregion, 23 in the mid anterior, 29 in the central, 7 in the mid posterior and 56 in the posterior subregion. Gene-set analysis revealed 156 significant genes contributing to volume of the CC subregions (p < 2.6 × 10-6). LDSC estimated the heritability of CC to (h2SNP=0.38, SE=0.03), and subregions ranging from 0.22 (SE=0.02) to 0.37 (SE=0.03). We found significant genetic correlations of total CC volume with bipolar disorder (BD, rg=-0.09, SE=0.03; p=5.9 × 10-3) and drinks consumed per week (rg=-0.09, SE=0.02; p=4.8 × 10-4), and volume of the mid anterior subregion with BD (rg=-0.12, SE=0.02; p=2.5 × 10-4), major depressive disorder (rg=-0.12, SE=0.04; p=3.6 × 10-3), drinks consumed per week (rg=-0.13, SE=0.04; p=1.8 × 10-3) and cannabis use (rg=-0.09, SE=0.03; p=8.4 × 10-3). Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the CC has a polygenic architecture implicating multiple genes, and show that CC subregion volumes are heritable. We found distinct genetic factors are involved in the development of anterior and posterior subregions, consistent with their divergent functional specialization. Significant genetic correlation between volumes of the CC and bipolar disorder, drinks per week, major depressive disorder and cannabis consumption subregion volumes with psychiatric traits is noteworthy and deserving of further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Neuropsychiatrica
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Heritability
  • MeSH Corpus callosum
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • T1-weighted magnetic resonance imagine

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