Diacylglycerols (DAGs) derived from phosphatidylcholine (PC) hydrolysis have been shown to activate protein kinase C (PKC) in vitro, but it is not known whether this event occurs in response to DAGs generated via agonist-induced PC hydrolysis in intact cells. In this report we have addressed this question directly, using α-thrombin stimulation of IIC9 fibroblasts. PKC activation in intact cells was assessed in two ways, by measuring: 1) PKC membrane association as determined by kinase activity and Western blot analysis and 2) the phosphorylation of an endogenous PKC substrate, an 80-kDa protein. Treatment with 500 ng/ml α-thrombin has been shown to stimulate both phosphoinositide and PC hydrolysis, whereas treatment with 100 pg/ml α-thrombin stimulates only PC breakdown. Using these two conditions, we show that DAG produced from phosphoinositide, but not PC hydrolysis, is associated with the activation of PKC.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 15 Feb 1991