Direct measurement of apoprotein C-III specific activity in 125I-labeled very low density lipoproteins using immunoaffinity chromatography

P. R. Bukberg, N. A. Le, H. N. Ginsberg, J. C. Gibson, L. C. Goldman, W. V. Brown

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Abstract

We have developed a technique for isolating apoprotein C-III by immunoaffinity chromatography, allowing the measurement of its specific radioactivity in lipoprotein fractions from small plasma samples. IgG specific for apoC-III was purified from goat antisera and bound to Sepharose. One ml of this gel (5 mg of IgG) bound 80-90 μg of apoC-III. The specific activity of apoC-III was determined by application of delipidated very low density lipoproteins to 1-ml columns and analysis of the protein eluted at pH 2.5 for mass and radioactivity. The coefficient of variation for apoC-III specific activity determination from 125I-labeled VLDL was 4.3%. Minimal contamination of the eluates by apoproteins B, E, and C-II was confirmed by radioimmunoassay (0.3-1.2%). Following the injection of autologous 125I-labeled VLDL, specific activity decay curves for VLDL apoC-III were biexponential, with the clearance of apoC-III being slower in hypertriglyceridemic subjects. These affinity columns can be used repeatedly and yield reproducible results. This technique should be useful for simultaneous studies of the turnover of several apoproteins in the same individual following a single injection of labeled autologous lipoprotein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1251-1260
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume24
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1983

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