Dimensional structure and correlates of posttraumatic stress symptoms following suspected acute coronary syndrome

Jennifer A. Sumner, Ian M. Kronish, Robert H. Pietrzak, Daichi Shimbo, Jonathan A. Shaffer, Faith E. Parsons, Donald Edmondson

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28 Scopus citations


Abstract Background Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a heterogeneous construct, and some have suggested that PTSD triggered by acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may differ from PTSD due to prototypical traumas. Methods We conducted the first examination of the latent structure of PTSD symptoms after suspected ACS in 399 adults in the REactions to Acute Care and Hospitalization (REACH) study, an observational cohort study of patients recruited from the emergency department during evaluation for ACS. Using confirmatory factor analysis, we compared the 4-factor dysphoria, 4-factor numbing, and 5-factor dysphoric arousal models of PTSD. Results Although all models fit well, the dysphoria model was selected as the best-fitting model. Further, there was measurement invariance of the dysphoria model by sex. PTSD dimensions evidenced differential associations with indicators of threat perception during ACS evaluation and adherence to cardioprotective medication. Limitations One limitation of this investigation is the use of self-report measures. In addition, only one-third of the sample was diagnosed with ACS at discharge; the remaining participants received diagnoses such as chest pain without a cardiac diagnosis, another symptom/disease process (e.g., hypertensive chronic kidney disease), or another cardiac disease. Conclusions Findings suggest that suspected ACS-related PTSD symptoms are best-represented by a 4-factor structure distinguishing between specific (e.g., re-experiencing) and non-specific (dysphoria) symptoms of PTSD that has received support in the broader PTSD literature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7516
Pages (from-to)178-185
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
StatePublished - 4 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Latent structure
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder


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