Diffuse Sclerosing Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Clinicopathological Characteristics and Prognostic Implications Compared with Classic and Tall Cell Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Daniel W. Scholfield, Conall W. Fitzgerald, Bayan Alzumaili, Alana Eagan, Bin Xu, German Martinez, R. Michael Tuttle, Ashok R. Shaha, Jatin P. Shah, Richard J. Wong, Snehal G. Patel, Ronald A. Ghossein, Ian Ganly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The clinical behaviour and oncologic outcome of diffuse sclerosing papillary thyroid carcinoma (DS-PTC) is poorly understood. The objectives of this study were to compare the clinicopathological characteristics and oncological outcomes of DS-PTC to classic PTC (cPTC) and tall cell PTC (TC-PTC). Methods: After institutional review board approval, 86 DS-PTC, 2,080 cPTC, and 701 TC-PTC patients treated at MSKCC between 1986 and 2021 were identified. Clinicopathological characteristics were compared by using chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier and log rank were used to compare recurrence-free survival (RFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and overall survival (OS). DS-PTC patients were propensity matched to cPTC and TC-PTC patients for further comparison. Results: DS-PTC patients were younger with more advanced disease than cPTC and TC-PTC (p < 0.05). Lymphovascular invasion (LVI), extranodal extension, and positive margins were more common in DS-PTC (p < 0.02). Propensity matching confirmed more aggressive histopathological features in DS-PTC. The median number of metastatic lymph nodes was significantly greater and DS-PTC metastases were RAI avid. DS-PTC 5-year RFS was 50.4% compared with 92.4% in cPTC and 88.4% in TC-PTC (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis confirmed DS-PTC as an independent prognostic factor of recurrence. Ten-year DSS for DS-PTC was 100% compared with 97.1% in cPTC and 91.1% in TC-PTC. Differentiated high-grade, thyroid carcinoma DS had more advanced T-stage and worse 5-year RFS than DS-PTC. Conclusions: DS-PTC presents with more advanced clinicopathological features than cPTC and TC-PTC. Large-volume nodal metastases and LVI are characteristic features. Almost half of patients develop recurrence despite aggressive initial management. Despite this, with successful salvage surgery DSS is excellent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4761-4770
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

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