Differential release of β-amyloid from dendrite- versus axon-targeted APP

Scott R. DeBoer, Scott R. DeBoer, Sangram S. Sisodia, Georgia Dolios, Rong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. APP is processed in neurons, but little is known about the relative contributions of presynaptic or postsynaptic compartments to the release of Aβ peptides. To address this issue, we transduced primary neurons from Sprague-Dawley rats or APP−/− mice (B6.129S7-Apptm1Dbo/J) with lentiviral constructs expressing APP chimeras harboring targeting motifs from low-density lipoprotein receptor or neuron-glia cell-adhesion molecule to polarize expression to either dendritic or axonal membranes, respectively. Using imaging and quantitative biochemical approaches, we now report that APP selectively targeted to either axons or dendrites leads to the secretion of full-length Aβ peptides with significantly elevated release from dendritic compartments. These findings reveal that the enzymatic machinery required for production of Aβ peptides are operative both in presynaptic and postsynaptic compartments of primary neurons, leading to the suggestion that Aβ-mediated impairments in glutamatergic neurotransmission is the result of Aβ release from both local and distal neuronal compartments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12313-12327
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume34
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Sep 2014

Keywords

  • APP
  • Axonal targeting
  • Aβ amyloid precursor protein
  • Dendritic targeting
  • β-amyloid

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