Differential expression of glutamate transporters EAAT1 and EAAT2 in mice deficient for PACAP-type I receptor

M. Zink, A. Schmitt, F. A. Henn, P. Gass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) modulates glutamatergic neurotransmission and induces the expression of glutamate transporters EAAT1 and EAAT2 in newborn mouse astroglial cell cultures. Since nanomolar concentrations of PACAP exert this effect, signal transduction via the high affinity PACAP-type I-receptor PAC1 was assumed. To test this hypothesis and to assess the importance of PAC1-signalling in vivo, we analyzed glutamate transporter expression in mice with a PAC1 knockout. EAAT1 and EAAT2 expression was investigated in the hippocampus and the cerebral cortex of PAC1 mutant mice and wildtype littermates by semiquantitative in-situ-hybridization. PAC1-knockout mice show a subtle but significant reduction of EAAT1 expression in the dentate gyrus. In contrast, reduced expression levels of EAAT1 in the cerebral cortex did not reach statistical significance and EAAT2 expression was unchanged in CA3 and cerebral cortex of PAC1 mutant mice. Our data confirm the previously reported in-vitro-regulation of EAAT1 in the adult nervous system in vivo. EAAT2 expression, however, is unchanged in PAC1 knockout mice, most likely due to counterbalancing factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1537-1542
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
Volume111
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EAAT
  • Glutamate
  • In-situ-hybridization
  • PAC-1
  • PACAP

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