Differential chemokine expression in tissues involved by Hodgkin's disease: Direct correlation of eotaxin expression and tissue eosinophilia

Julie Teruya-Feldstein, Elaine S. Jaffe, Parris R. Burd, Douglas W. Kingma, Joyce E. Setsuda, Giovanna Tosato

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133 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hodgkin's disease (HD) is a lymphoid malignancy characterized by infrequent malignant cells surrounded by abundant inflammatory cells. In this study, we examined the potential contribution of chemokines to inflammatory cell recruitment in different subtypes of HD. Chemokines are small proteins that are active as chemoattractants and regulators of cell activation. We found that HD tissues generally express higher levels of interferon-γ- inducible protein-10 (IP-10), Mig, RANTES, macrophage inflammatory protein- 1α (MIP-1α), and eotaxin, but not macrophage-derived chemotactic factor (MDC), than tissues from lymphoid hyperplasia (LH). Within HD subtypes, expression of IP-10 and Mig was highest in the mixed cellularity (MC) subtype, whereas expression of eotaxin and MDC was highest in the nodular sclerosis (NS) subtype. A significant direct correlation was detected between evidence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in the neoplastic cells and levels of expression of IP-10, RANTES, and MIP-1α. Levels of eotaxin expression correlated directly with the extent of tissue eosinophilia. By immunohistochemistry, IP-10, Mig, and eotaxin proteins localized in the malignant Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells and their variants, and to some surrounding inflammatory cells. Eotaxin was also detected in fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells of vessels. These results provide evidence of high level chemokine expression in HD tissues and suggest that chemokines may play an important role in the recruitment of inflammatory cell infiltrates into tissues involved by HD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2463-2470
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume93
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes

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