Dietary phytoestrogen intake and lung cancer risk: An analysis of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial

Qian Wang, Meng Ru, Yaning Zhang, Tamara Kurbanova, Paolo Boffetta

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phytoestrogens (PEs) have estrogen-like activity and were found to lower incidences of several hormone-dependent cancers. Emerging evidence suggests that estrogen may play a role in lung cancer carcinogenesis. We aim to evaluate dietary PE intake and lung cancer risk using data from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian cancer screening trial. A total of 1706 lung cancer cases were identified. The association between lung cancer risk and PE intake (in quartiles) was calculated using the Cox proportional hazard models adjusting for potential confounders. Stratified analyses by smoking status, sex and histology were also performed. The highest quartile of total PE intake was associated with a reduced risk of lung cancer compared with the lowest quartile [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.73-0.99 for >1030 μg/day versus <290 μg/day] (P trend = 0.56). Similar patterns were observed among ever smokers (HR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.71-0.98), non-small cell histology (HR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.72-0.99), male (HR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.69-1.03) and female (HR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.64-0.99 for 510-1030 μg/day, HR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.67-1.06 for >1030 μg/day versus <290 μg/day) subjects with no significant linear trend observed. Despite a lower consumption compared with the Asian population, increased PE intake still appears to decrease lung cancer risk in a Caucasian-dominant population. Future studies are needed to replicate these results in independent cohorts and shed a light on the potential mechanism of the protective effect of PEs on lung carcinogenesis and the interaction between PEs, smoking and endogenous estrogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1250-1259
Number of pages10
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

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