Dietary patterns and levels of blood pressure and serum lipids in a Japanese population

Atsuko Sadakane, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Tadao Gotoh, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Toshiyuki Ojima, Kazuomi Kario, Yosikazu Nakamura, Kazunori Kayaba, Atsushi Hashimoto, Eiji Kajii, Hideki Miyamoto, Hidetaka Akiyoshi, Hiroshi Yanagawa, Hitoshi Matsuo, Jun Hiraoka, Kaname Tsutsumi, Kazunori Kayaba, Kazuomi Kario, Kazuyuki Shimada, Kenichiro SakaiKishio Turuda, Machi Sawada, Makoto Furuse, Manabu Yoshimura, Masahiko Hosoe, Masahiro Igarashi, Masafumi Mizooka, Naoki Nago, Nobuya Kodama, Noriko Hayashida, Rika Yamaoka, Seishi Yamada, Shinichi Muramatsu, Shinya Hayasaka, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Shuzo Takuma, Tadao Gotoh, Takafumi Natsume, Takashi Yamada, Takeshi Miyamoto, Tomohiro Deguchi, Tomohiro Saegusa, Yoshihiro Shibano, Yoshihisa Ito, Yosikazu Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Associations between dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease risk factors remain unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary patterns derived from factor analysis and the levels of blood pressure and serum lipids in a Japanese population. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis among 6886 (in the analysis on blood pressure) and 7641 (in the analysis on serum lipids) Japanese subjects aged 40-69 years. Dietary patterns were identified from a food frequency questionnaire by factor analysis. Associations between dietary patterns and blood pressure and serum lipids were examined after taking potential confounders into account. Results: Three dietary patterns were identified: vegetable, meat, and Western. In men, the meat pattern was associated with higher total, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. The Western pattern was associated with higher total and LDL cholesterol. In women, the vegetable pattern was associated with lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse pressure, and higher HDL cholesterol. The meat pattern was associated with higher total and HDL cholesterol. The Western pattern was associated with higher total, HDL, and LDL cholesterol, and the least intake pattern of Western diet was associated with higher systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Conclusions: Dietary patterns of a Japanese population were related to cardiovascular disease risk factors, especially in women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-67
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Epidemiology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cholesterol
  • Diet
  • Factor analysis
  • Japan
  • Statistical

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Dietary patterns and levels of blood pressure and serum lipids in a Japanese population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this