Dietary Advanced Glycation End Products and Their Potential Role in Cardiometabolic Disease in Children

Anshu Gupta, Jaime Uribarri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rising incidence of obesity and metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in adolescents and young adults is of grave concern. Recent studies favor a role of lifestyle factors over genetics in the perpetuation of inflammation, insulin resistance and oxidative stress, which are pathophysiologic processes common to the above diseases; furthermore, the importance of dietary factors in addition to calories and physical activity in these processes is being increasingly recognized. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) belong to a category of dietary oxidants which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammation, oxidative stress, insulin resistance, β-cell failure and endothelial dysfunction. This paper reviews the studies of AGEs with a focus on their role in cardiometabolic disease in children. A Medline search was performed using the key words 'childhood obesity', 'metabolic syndrome' and 'advanced glycation end products'. Articles published in English between 1975 and 2015 and their references were reviewed. While most studies were performed in adults, a few studies also demonstrated a role of AGEs in obesity and associated cardiometabolic comorbidities in the younger population. Available evidence suggests an involvement of AGEs in the pathogenesis of adiposity and β-cell failure in children. Potential areas for further research to investigate underlying mechanisms are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-300
Number of pages10
JournalHormone Research in Paediatrics
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Advanced glycation end products
  • Children
  • Insulin resistance
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity
  • Receptor of advanced glycation end products

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