Diet in a global cohort of adults with HIV at low-to-moderate traditional cardiovascular disease risk

Kathleen V. Fitch, Sara A. Mccallum, Kristine M. Erlandson, Edgar Turner Overton, Markella V. Zanni, Carl Fichtenbaum, Judith A. Aberg, Evelynne S. Fulda, Emma M. Kileel, Laura E. Moran, Gerald S. Bloomfield, Richard M. Novak, Sigrid Pérez-Frontera, Alexandra Abrams-Downey, Gerald Pierone, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Rosie Mngqibisa, Pamela S. Douglas, Heather J. RibaudoSteven K. Grinspoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective:To characterize diet quality across a global cohort of people with HIV (PWH).Design:Cross-sectional analysis.Methods:Leveraging REPRIEVE data from baseline across five Global Burden of Disease (GBD) regions, we analyzed participant responses to the Rapid Eating Assessment for Participants questionnaire. An overall diet quality score and scores for specific diet components were generated. Higher scores indicate better diet quality.Results:Among 7736 participants (median age 50 years, 30% women, median BMI 25.8 kg/m2) overall diet quality score (max score 30) was optimal in 13% of participants and good, suboptimal or poor in 45%, 38%, and 4% of participants, respectively; saturated fat score (max score 18) was good, suboptimal, or poor in 38%, 40%, or 7% of participants, respectively. Diet quality scores differed across GBD region with the highest scores reported in the South Asia region [median 23 (21-25)] and lowest in the sub-Saharan Africa region [median 15 (12-18)]; 61% of participants in the South Asia region reported optimal diet quality compared with only 6% in the sub-Saharan Africa region. Higher atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk scores were seen with worsening diet quality.Conclusion:Among PWH eligible for primary CVD prevention, diet quality was suboptimal or poor for almost half of participants, and there were substantial variations in diet quality reported by GBD region.TRIAL REGISTRATION:NCT02344290.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1997-2003
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS
Volume36
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • HIV
  • cardiovascular disease
  • diet quality
  • global

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