Dibutyryl cAMP reduces nonparenchymal cell damage during cold preservation of rat livers

K. Van Ness, D. Podkameni, M. Schwartz, P. Boros, C. Miller

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13 Scopus citations


Sinusoidal lining cells are the main target for cold preservation injury and are further damaged with reperfusion. Different agents known to increase intracellular cAMP levels have been shown beneficial. This study was designed to assess the possible protective effect of a cAMP analogue on nonparenchymal cells of rat livers, during cold storage and during reperfusion. Parameters reflecting the status of the liver microvasculature were analyzed. The initial effluent collected after preservation reflects release during the cold storage period; therefore we measured interleukin-1 (IL-1) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in these samples in order to detect and quantitate the degree of activation and/or disruption of Kupffer and sinusoidal endothelial lining cells. Rat livers were harvested after in situ flush with Ringer's lactate with or without 2 mM dibutyryl cAMP, excised, and stored in the same solution at 4*C. After 6 hr, livers were perfused with Krebs- Henseleit buffer for 90 min. Physiological parameters were monitored throughout the perfusion. Perfusate samples were collected every 30 min for RIA measurements of IL-1 and ET-1. Treatment resulted in a significant decrease in release of ET-1 and IL-1 during storage. Likewise, livers treated with cAMP had a significantly improved bile output and decreased portal vein resistance during reperfusion. The beneficial effect granted by the analogue during cold storage and reperfusion was evident on parenchymal and nonparenchymal cells. Levels of ET-1 and IL-1 in the caval effluent confirm and quantitate preservation damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-731
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995


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