Diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration and frozen section in nodular thyroid disease

David L. Mandell, Eric M. Genden, Jeffrey I. Mechanick, Donald A. Bergman, Hugh F. Biller, Mark L. Urken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and frozen section (FS) in nodular thyroid disease. SETTING: Tertiary care academic medical center. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of 139 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for nodular thyroid disease. FNA and FS sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were calculated with respect to permanent section histology. RESULTS: Among 63 patients with an FNA interpreted as either benign (n = 38) or malignant (n = 25), FNA was accurate (sensitivity 89%, specificity 97%, accuracy 94%). FS identified only one case of carcinoma missed by FNA. Among 76 patients with a "suspicious" FNA, FS was reasonably accurate (sensitivity 67%, specificity 100%, accuracy 89%), but was deferred in 50% of cases. CONCLUSION: Given high FNA accuracy, more selective use of FS is suggested. SIGNIFICANCE: The study results will assist with intra-institutional patient counseling and intraoperative decision-making with respect to FNA and FS results in patients with nodular thyroid disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-536
Number of pages6
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume124
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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