Diabetes Risk and Control in Multi-ethnic US Immigrant Populations

Jennifer Dias, Sandra Echeverria, Victoria Mayer, Teresa Janevic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: The goal of this review is to assess current evidence on diabetes risk and control among adult immigrants in the USA. Recent Findings: Patterns of diabetes risk in US immigrants may reflect global diabetes trends. Asian, Black, and Latinx immigrants all see a diabetes disadvantage relative to US-born Whites. Diabetes risk in Asian immigrants also surpasses US-born Asians. Relative diabetes risk among all groups increases with time in the USA. Research to explain patterns in diabetes risk and control among immigrants has broadened from lifestyle factors to include multi-level, life course influences on trajectories of risk. Some determinants are shared across groups, such as structural racism, healthcare access, and migration stress, whereas others such as diet are embedded in sending country culture. Summary: Current literature on diabetes in immigrant populations suggests a need to shift towards a transnational lens and macro-level social determinants of health framework to understand diabetes risk and potential prevention factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number73
JournalCurrent Diabetes Reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Diabetes
  • Epidemiology
  • Ethnicity
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Immigrant
  • Social determinants


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