Developmental care: The impact of wee care developmental care training on short-term infant outcome and hospital costs

Karen D. Hendricks-Muñoz, Carol C. Prendergast, Martha C. Caprio, Randi S. Wasserman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article explores the effect of a comprehensive developmental care training program on the medical outcome and cost of care for premature infants. Premature infants less than 34 weeks' gestation admitted to 2 regional neonatal intensive care units were prospective studies 6 months before and after implementation of the Wee Care program (Children's Medical Ventures, Norwell, MA). Environment, medical outcome, and hospital charges were recorded. The sample consisted of 242 infants (139 pre- and 103 postintervention). Although the medical outcomes of chronic lung disease, infection rate, mild retinopathy of prematurity, and intraventricular hemorrhage were significantly decreased, there was no change in incidence of severe retinopathy of prematurity. Hospital stay and hospital costs were significantly decreased. The authors conclude that a multidisciplinary, structured program in developmental care can lead to alterations in the neonatal intensive care unit environment associated with improved medical outcome, decreased length of hospitalization, and decreased cost of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalNewborn and Infant Nursing Reviews
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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