Development and utility of a clinical research informatics application for participant recruitment and workflow management for a return of results pilot trial in familial hypercholesterolemia in the Million Veteran Program

Charles A. Brunette, Thomas Yi, Morgan E. Danowski, Mark Cardellino, Alicia Harrison, Themistocles L. Assimes, Joshua W. Knowles, Kurt D. Christensen, Amy C. Sturm, Yan V. Sun, Qin Hui, Saiju Pyarajan, Yunling Shi, Stacey B. Whitbourne, J. Michael Gaziano, Sumitra Muralidhar, Jason L. Vassy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The development of clinical research informatics tools and workflow processes associated with re-engaging biobank participants has become necessary as genomic repositories increasingly consider the return of actionable research results. Materials and Methods: Here we describe the development and utility of an informatics application for participant recruitment and enrollment management for the Veterans Affairs Million Veteran Program Return Of Actionable Results Study, a randomized controlled pilot trial returning individual genetic results associated with familial hypercholesterolemia. Results: The application is developed in Python-Flask and was placed into production in November 2021. The application includes modules for chart review, medication reconciliation, participant contact and biospecimen logging, survey recording, randomization, and documentation of genetic counseling and result disclosure. Three primary users, a genetic counselor and two research coordinators, and 326 Veteran participants have been integrated into the system as of February 23, 2023. The application has successfully handled 3367 task requests involving greater than 95 000 structured data points. Specifically, application users have recorded 326 chart reviews, 867 recruitment telephone calls, 158 telephone-based surveys, and 61 return of results genetic counseling sessions, among other available study tasks. Conclusion: The development of usable, customizable, and secure informatics tools will become increasingly important as large genomic repositories begin to return research results at scale. Our work provides a proof-of-concept for developing and using such tools to aid in managing the return of results process within a national biobank.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberooae020
JournalJAMIA Open
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • genetic databanks
  • genetic testing
  • informatics
  • randomized controlled trial

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