Determinants of Endothelial Cell Damage in the Elderly Hypertension: Assessment by Plasma von Willebrand Factor

Kazuomi Kario, Satoshi Hoshide, Kazuyuki Shimada, Kazuomi Kario, Kazuomi Kario, Takefumi Matsuo

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4 Scopus citations


To investigate the determinants of endothelial cell damage in hypertensive elderly patients, we measured the plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels by a recently developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using monoclonal antibody for the functional epitope. Plasma vWF level was markedly increased in the elderly normotensive subjects (n = 42) than in younger normotensive subjects (n = 39) (127 vs 88%, p<.0001), and was further increased in elderly hypertensive subjects (n = 68) (148%, p<.05 vs elderly normotensives). The vWF level was positively correlated with body mass index in younger normotensive subjects (r = 0.41, p<.01), with systolic blood pressure (BP) in elderly normotensive subjects (r = 0.41, p<.01), and with age (r = 0.44, p<.001) and fibrinogen level (r = 0.37, p<.01) in elderly hypertensive subjects. In elderly hypertensive subjects (n = 150), vWF level had a stronger positive correlation with 24-hr systolic BP measured (r = 0.41, p<.0001) by ambulatory BP monitoring than with clinic systolic BP (r = 0.33, p<.0001). In conclusion, in hypertensive elderly patients, endothelial cell damage increases with systolic BP and fibrinogen levels, indicating a prethrombotic condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-397
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Geriatrics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Ambulatory blood pressure
  • Elderly
  • Endothelial cell damage
  • Hypertension
  • von Willebrand factor


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