Determinants of clinical response and survival in patients with congestive heart failure treated with captopril

Mark A. Creager, David P. Faxon, Jonathan L. Halperin, Caroline D. Melidossian, Carolyn H. McCabe, Edgar C. Schick, Thomas J. Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efficacy of chronic ambulatory captopril (CPT) therapy was evaluated over an 18-month period in 36 patients with refractory chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) by cardiac catheterization, treadmill exercise, nuclear scintigraphy, echocardiography, and symptomatology. Clinical improvement to New York Heart Association functional class I or class II was observed in 63% of the patients (20 of 32) after 2 months of treatment; this amelioration of CHF symptoms was sustained in 63% of the patients (10 of 16) at 18 months. Exercise tolerance increased in 64% of the patients (16 of 25) at early follow-up and in 79% (11 of 14) at late follow-up. Univeriate analysis revealed that the pre- and post-CPT stroke work indices (SWI) and the post-CPT cardiac index related to favorable long-term clinical response. Fourteen CHF patients (39%) died during the 18-month follow-up. Univariate analysis revealed that the pretreatment SWI, right atrial pressure, plasma norepinephrine concentration, and echocardiographic shortening fraction were significant predictors of mortality. Multivariate analysis indicated that the SWI was the principal determinant of survival: the 18-month cumulative survival rate for CHF patients with a SWI less than 32 gm · m/m2 was 44% compared to 88% when the SWI was greater than 32 gm · m/m2. Thus, CPT results in sustained symptomatic and functional improvement in patients with advanced CHF, but the mortality remains high and is primarily related to the severity of cardiac dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1147-1154
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume104
Issue number5 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1982
Externally publishedYes

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