Detection and discrimination of relative spatial phase by V1 neurons

Ferenc Mechler, Daniel S. Reich, Jonathan D. Victor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Edge-like and line-like features result from spatial phase congruence, the local phase agreement between harmonic components of a spatial waveform. Psychophysical observations and models of early visual processing suggest that human visual feature detectors are specialized for edge-like and line-like phase congruence. To test whether primary visual cortex (V1) neurons account for such specificity, we made tetrode recordings in anesthetized macaque monkeys. Stimuli were drifting equal-energy compound gratings composed of four sinusoidal components. Eight congruence phases (one-dimensional features) were tested, including line-like and edge-like waveforms. Many of the 137 single V1 neurons (recorded at 45 sites) could reliably signal phase congruence by any of several response measures. Across neurons, the preferred spatial feature had only a modest bias for line-like waveforms. Information-theoretic analysis showed that congruence phase was temporally encoded in the frequency band present in the stimuli. The most sensitive neurons had feature discrimination thresholds that approached psychophysical levels, but typical neurons were substantially less sensitive. In single V1 neurons, feature discrimination exhibited various dependences on the congruence phase of the reference waveform. Simple cells were over- represented among the most sensitive neurons and on average carried twice as much feature information as complex cells. However, the distribution of the indices of optimal tuning and discrimination of relative phase was indistinguishable in simple and complex cells. Our results suggest that phase-sensitive pooling of responses is required to account for human psychophysical performance, although variation in feature selectivity among nearby neurons is considerable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6129-6157
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume22
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Congruence phase
  • Edge
  • Feature discrimination
  • Line
  • Macaque
  • Phase-selective nonlinearity
  • Primary visual cortex
  • Simple and complex cells
  • Spatial feature detection
  • Transinformation

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