Design and synthesis of a transition state analogue for the Diels-Alder reaction

Paramjit S. Arora, Que N. Van, Michael Famulok, A. J. Shaka, James S. Nowick

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This paper describes the design and synthesis of a tricationic transition state analogue (TSA 1) for the Diels-Alder reaction. TSA 1 contains a bicyclo[2.2.1]heptene ring system that mimics the boat conformation of the Diels-Alder transition state and is designed to bind tightly to antibodies, nucleic acids, and imprinted polymers by means of hydrogen bonds and salt-bridges. This paper also describes the syntheses of the Diels-Alder reaction substrates (diene 2 and dienophile 3) and a sensitive HPLC assay to monitor the formation of Diels-Alder product 4. In contrast to previously reported TSAs and dienophiles for the Diels-Alder reaction that are based upon maleimides, TSA 1 and dienophile 3 are based upon fumaramide. The fumaramide system should destabilize the initially formed boat conformer of Diels-Alder product 4 and stabilize a half-chair conformer. The conversion of the initially formed boat conformer to the half-chair conformer is designed to help prevent Diels-Alder product 4 from binding strongly to catalysts selected to strongly bind TSA 1. This feature should minimize product inhibition, which can be a problem in the catalysis of the Diels-Alder reaction. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1421-1428
Number of pages8
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1998
Externally publishedYes


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