This paper presents a new micro electromagnetic energy harvester that can convert transverse vibration energy to electrical power. It mainly consists of folded beams, a permanent magnet and copper planar coils. The calculated value of the natural frequency is 274 Hz and electromagnetic simulation shows that the magnetic flux density will decrease sharply with increasing space between the magnet and coils. A prototype has been fabricated using MEMS micromachining technology. The testing results show that at the resonant frequency of 242 Hz, the prototype can generate 0.55 μW of maximal output power with peak-peak voltage of 28 mV for 0.5g (g = 9.8 m/s2) external acceleration.
- electromagnetic energy harvester
- permanent magnet