Dendritic cells are resistant to apoptosis through the Fas (CD95/APO-1) pathway

Dalit Ashany, Asaf Savir, Nina Bhardwaj, Keith B. Elkon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immunoregulation of lymphocytes and macrophages in the peripheral immune system is achieved in part by activation-induced cell death. Members of the TNF receptor family including Fas (CD95) are involved in the regulation of activation-induced cell death. To determine whether activation-induced cell death plays a role in regulation of dendritic cells (DCs), we examined interactions between Ag-presenting murine DCs and Ag-specific Th1 CD4+ T cells. Whereas mature bone marrow- or spleen-derived DCs expressed high levels of Fas, these DCs were relatively insensitive to Fas-mediated killing by the agonist mAb, Jo-2, as well as authentic Fas ligand expressed on the CD4+ T cell line, A.E7. The insensitivity to Fas-mediated apoptosis was not affected by priming with IFN-γ and/or TNF-α or by blocking the DC survival signals TNF-related activation-induced cytokine and CD40L. However, apoptosis could be induced with C2-ceramide, suggesting that signals proximal to the generation of ceramide might mediate resistance to Fas. Analysis of protein expression of several anti-apoptotic mediators revealed that expression of the intracellular inhibitor of apoptosis Fas-associated death domain-like IL- 1-converting enzyme-inhibitory protein was significantly higher in Fas- resistant DCs than in Fas-sensitive macrophages, suggesting a possible role for Fas-associated death domain-like IL-1-converting enzyme-inhibitory protein in DC resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Our results demonstrate that murine DCs differ significantly from other APC populations in susceptibility to Fas-mediated apoptosis during cognate presentation of Ag. Because DCs are most notable for initiation of an immune response, resistance to apoptosis may contribute to this function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5303-5311
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume163
Issue number10
StatePublished - 15 Nov 1999
Externally publishedYes

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