Demographic and socioeconomic disparities in receipt of ophthalmology consultation for facial trauma

Kalla A. Gervasio, Joab Camarena, Jessica Hampton, Nitin Chopra, Brittany Kalosza, Lauren Shumate, Albert Y. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective Functional outcomes following facial and ocular trauma are time-sensitive and require prompt evaluation to minimise long-term vision loss, yet few studies have systematically evaluated disparities in the management of these cases. This study investigates whether a patient's race/ethnicity, primary language, insurance status, gender or age affects receipt of ophthalmology consultation for facial trauma. Methods and analysis This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of patients from the Elmhurst City Hospital Trauma Registry in Queens, New York who were seen for facial trauma including open globe injuries and orbital fractures between January 2014 and May 2016. Results Of the 264 patients included, 43% reported as Hispanic, 23% white, 11% Asian, 8% black and 15% other/unknown. After controlling for confounding variables by multivariable logistic regression, neither race/ethnicity, gender, nor primary language were significantly associated with the likelihood of receiving an ophthalmology consult. However, patients with private insurance had 2.57 times greater odds of receiving an ophthalmology consultation than those with Medicaid or state corrections insurance (95% CI 1.37 to 4.95). As age increased, the likelihood of receiving an ophthalmology consultation decreased (p=0.009); patients 60 years of age and older had one-third the odds of ophthalmology consultation as younger patients (OR 0.33; 95% CI 0.16 to 0.68). Conclusions This study highlights that lack of ophthalmology consultation in patients with facial trauma is linked to age and underinsurance. Extra attention must be paid during primary assessments to ensure elderly patients and those with public insurance have equitable access to timely and appropriate care for facial trauma.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere001259
JournalBMJ Open Ophthalmology
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Oct 2023

Keywords

  • orbit
  • public health
  • trauma

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