Delayed postburn blisters: An immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study

Reuven Bergman, Rafael David, Ytzchak Ramon, Michal Ramon, Hedviga Kerner, Sigalit Kilim, Isaac Peled, Rachel Friedman-Birnbaum

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was performed in an attempt to further elucidate the pathogenesis of delayed postburn blistering. Two cases were studied ultrastructurally and immunohistochemically, 1 with blisters on the recipient site of autologous split-thickness skin grafts and the other on the donor site. Ultrastructurally, the basement membrane was on the roof of the blisters in both cases, except for a single small blister in the first case where it was on the dermal floor. In the blister roofs, the basement membrane showed small or marked segments of discontinuity. In the adjacent non-blistered healed skin, the basement membrane was usually continuous, and anchoring fibrils were present. Immunoperoxidase staining on frozen sections, using antibodies to laminin, laminin 5, collagen IV, and collagen VII, showed a mostly continuous linear pattern in the adjacent non-blistered skin, which often became discontinuous near the blisters and markedly discontinuous in the blister roofs. In the blister floors, weakly stained linear or granular deposits of some of these components were sometimes also present. The results of this study support discontinuity of the basement membrane as the main anomaly in delayed postburn blistering. Disturbance in the reassembly or local breakdown of the basement membrane components might be the underlying defect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-433
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cutaneous Pathology
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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