Delayed anovulatory syndrome induced by estradiol in female C57BL/6J mice: Age-like neuroendocrine, but not ovarian, impairments

C. V. Mobbs, L. S. Kannegieter, C. E. Finch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

These studies describe induction of a delayed anovulatory syndrome (DAS) by estradiol (E2) in female C57BL/6J mice. Six days after birth, female mice were injected s.c. with 0.1 μg estradiol benzoate or oil. Over 90% of the oil-injected controls exhibited estrous cycles from 2 to 9 mo of age. In contrast, 60% of the E2-injected mice exhibited estrous cycles at 2 mo of age but were acyclic by 9 mo; these mice were considered to have exhibited a DAS, and had longer cycles than controls. At 12 mo, ovarian impairments were assessed by examining 1) ovulation after s.c. injection of 5 IU human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), and 2) estrous cycles after grafting into young (3-mo-old) hosts. Simultaneously, neuroendocrine impairments were assessed by examining 1) the surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) induced by E2 implants after ovariectomy, and 2) estrous cycles after receiving ovarian grafts from 3-mo-old-mice. Ovaries from DAS and control mice ovulated equally in response to hCG. Ovaries from DAS mice grafted into young ovariectomized hosts supported 30% more cycles, of shorter period, compared with ovaries from control donors. However, the E2-induced LH surge was 50% smaller in DAS mice than in controls. Ovariectomized DAS hosts with ovarian grafts from young mice supported 70% fewer estrous cycles, of longer period, compared with ovariectomized control hosts with young grafts. We conclude that the E2-induced DAS in female mice is not due to ovarian impairments, but seems to result from neuroendocrine impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1010-1017
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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