Definition of a Skp2-c-Myc pathway to expand human beta-cells

Shiwani Tiwari, Chris Roel, Mansoor Tanwir, Rachel Wills, Nidhi Perianayagam, Peng Wang, Nathalie M. Fiaschi-Taesch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by insulin resistance and reduced functional β-cell mass. Developmental differences, failure of adaptive expansion and loss of β-cells via β-cell death or de-differentiation have emerged as the possible causes of this reduced β-cell mass. We hypothesized that the proliferative response to mitogens of human β-cells from T2D donors is reduced, and that this might contribute to the development and progression of T2D. Here, we demonstrate that the proliferative response of human β-cells from T2D donors in response to cdk6 and cyclin D3 is indeed dramatically impaired. We show that this is accompanied by increased nuclear abundance of the cell cycle inhibitor, p27 kip1. Increasing nuclear abundance of p27 kip1 by adenoviral delivery decreases the proliferative response of β-cells from non-diabetic donors, mimicking T2D β-cells. However, while both p27 kip1 gene silencing and downregulation by Skp2 overexpression increased similarly the proliferative response of human β-cells, only Skp2 was capable of inducing a significant human β-cell expansion. Skp2 was also able to double the proliferative response of T2D β-cells. These studies define c-Myc as a central Skp2 target for the induction of cell cycle entry, expansion and regeneration of human T2D β-cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number28461
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Jul 2016

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