Defective DNA endonuclease activities in Fanconi's anemia cells, complementation groups A and B

Muriel W. Lambert, Gregory J. Tsongalis, W. Clark Lambert, Bo Hang, David D. Parrish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cells from patients with the inherited disorder, Fanconi's anemia (FA), were analyzed for endonucleases which recognize DNA interstrand cross-links and monoadducts produced by psoralen plus UVA irradiation. Two chromatin-associated DNA endonuclease activities, defective in their ability to incise DNA-containing adducts produced by psoralen plus UVA light, have been identified and isolated in nuclei of FA cells. In FA complementation group A (FA-A) cells, one endonuclease activity, pI 4.6, which recognizes psoralen intercalation and interstrand cross-links, has 25% of the activity of the normal human endonuclease, pI 4.6, on 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) plus UVA-damaged DNA. In FA complementation group B (FA-B) cells, a second endonuclease activity, pI 7.6, which recognizes psoralen monoadducts, has 50% and 55% of the activity, respectively, of the corresponding normal endonuclease on 8-MOP or angelicin plus UVA-damaged DNA. Kinetic analysis reveals that both the FA-A endonuclease activity, pI 4.6, and the FA-V endonuclease activity, pI 7.6, have decreased affinity for psoralen plus UVA-damaged DNA. Both the normal and FA endonucleases showed approximately a 2.5-fold increase in activity on psoralen plus UVA-damaged reconstituted nucleosomal DNA compared to damaged non-nucleosomal DNA, indicating that interaction of these FA endonucleases with nucleosomal DNA is not impaired. These deficiencies in two nuclear DNA endonuclease actitivities from FA-A and FA-B cells correlate with decreased levels of unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS), in response to 8-MOP or angelicin plus UVA irradiation, in these cells in culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-71
Number of pages15
JournalMutation Research-DNA Repair
Volume273
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA endonuclease
  • Fanconi's anaemia
  • Psoralen plus UV light

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