Deep learning has been widely used to analyze digitized hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained histopathology whole slide images. Automated cancer segmentation using deep learning can be used to diagnose malignancy and to find novel morphological patterns to predict molecular subtypes. To train pixel-wise cancer segmentation models, manual annotation from pathologists is generally a bottleneck due to its time-consuming nature. In this paper, we propose Deep Interactive Learning with a pretrained segmentation model from a different cancer type to reduce manual annotation time. Instead of annotating all pixels from cancer and non-cancer regions on giga-pixel whole slide images, an iterative process of annotating mislabeled regions from a segmentation model and training/finetuning the model with the additional annotation can reduce the time. Especially, employing a pretrained segmentation model can further reduce the time than starting annotation from scratch. We trained an accurate ovarian cancer segmentation model with a pretrained breast segmentation model by 3.5 hours of manual annotation which achieved intersection-over-union of 0.74, recall of 0.86, and precision of 0.84. With automatically extracted high-grade serous ovarian cancer patches, we attempted to train an additional classification deep learning model to predict BRCA mutation. The segmentation model and code have been released at https://github.com/MSKCC-Computational-Pathology/DMMN-ovary.
|Journal||Journal of Pathology Informatics|
|State||Published - Jan 2023|
- Computational pathology
- Deep learning
- Ovarian cancer