Deep arterial injury during experimental angioplasty: Relation to a positive indium-111-labeled platelet scintigram, quantitative platelet deposition and mural thrombosis

Jules Y.T. Lam, James H. Chesebro, Peter M. Steele, Mrinal K. Dewanjee, Lina Badimon, Valentin Fuster

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128 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although it is not clear why coronary occlusion and restenosis occur after successful coronary angioplasty, factors related to the procedure may influence early and late results. The possible adverse effects of a medial tear documented histologically and produced during balloon angioplasty of the common carotid arteries were studied in 30 fully heparinized (100 U/kg body weight) normal pigs. Scanning electron microscopy showed endothelial denudation and extensive platelet deposition in all dilated arterial segments. Visible macroscopic mural thrombus was present within an hour of the procedure in 29 (91%) of the 32 arteries that had a medial tear documented by histologic study; the tear produced an indium-111-labeled platelet deposition of 116.4 ± 26.5 × 106/cm2 (mean ± SE) and total thrombotic occlusion in 2 arteries (4%). None of the 24 arteries without a medial tear had a thrombus, and the mean platelet deposition in that group was 7.0 ± 0.5 × 106/cm2 (p < 0.0008). In 12 pigs scanned with a gamma camera, visible thrombus was associated with platelet deposition in excess of 20 × 106/cm2 in 12 arteries, 9 of which had a positive indium-111-labeled platelet scintigram. Thus, arterial angioplasty causes deep arterial injury, which appears to be a major cause of mural thrombosis, heavy platelet deposition, a positive indium-lll-labeled platelet scintigram and acute arterial occlusion. A positive indium-lll-labeled platelet scintigram was always associated with macroscopic thrombus of at least 20 × 106 platelets/cm2 and underlying deep arterial injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1380-1386
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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