Deep anomaly detection of seizures with paired stereoelectroencephalography and video recordings

Michael L. Martini, Aly A. Valliani, Claire Sun, Anthony B. Costa, Shan Zhao, Fedor Panov, Saadi Ghatan, Kanaka Rajan, Eric Karl Oermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Real-time seizure detection is a resource intensive process as it requires continuous monitoring of patients on stereoelectroencephalography. This study improves real-time seizure detection in drug resistant epilepsy (DRE) patients by developing patient-specific deep learning models that utilize a novel self-supervised dynamic thresholding approach. Deep neural networks were constructed on over 2000 h of high-resolution, multichannel SEEG and video recordings from 14 DRE patients. Consensus labels from a panel of epileptologists were used to evaluate model efficacy. Self-supervised dynamic thresholding exhibited improvements in positive predictive value (PPV; difference: 39.0%; 95% CI 4.5–73.5%; Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney test; N = 14; p = 0.03) with similar sensitivity (difference: 14.3%; 95% CI − 21.7 to 50.3%; Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney test; N = 14; p = 0.42) compared to static thresholds. In some models, training on as little as 10 min of SEEG data yielded robust detection. Cross-testing experiments reduced PPV (difference: 56.5%; 95% CI 25.8–87.3%; Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney test; N = 14; p = 0.002), while multimodal detection significantly improved sensitivity (difference: 25.0%; 95% CI 0.2–49.9%; Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney test; N = 14; p < 0.05). Self-supervised dynamic thresholding improved the efficacy of real-time seizure predictions. Multimodal models demonstrated potential to improve detection. These findings are promising for future deployment in epilepsy monitoring units to enable real-time seizure detection without annotated data and only minimal training time in individual patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7482
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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