Decreased first-trimester maternal serum free-β subunit human chorionic gonadotropin and preterm birth in twin gestations

S. Katherine Laughon, Andrei Rebarber, Linda Rolnitzky, Lois Fink, Daniel H. Saltzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated whether abnormal concentrations of first-trimester free-β subunit human chorionic gonadotropin (fßhCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) are associated with preterm delivery in twin gestations. This was a hospital-based, retrospective study of 70 twin gestations between 11 1/7 and 13 6/7 weeks' gestation undergoing first-trimester screening. Free βhCG and PAPP-A multiples of the median were determined by our laboratory standards. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated that compared the prevalence of very preterm (< 32 weeks), preterm (≥ 32 and < 37 weeks), and term birth (≥ 37 weeks) between the lower and higher percentile groups for each analyte. FßhCG levels ≤ 25th percentile were associated with very preterm birth < 32 weeks' gestation (OR 5.10; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.19 to 21.95), but not with preterm birth ≥ 32 and < 37 weeks' gestation (OR 0.50; 95% CI: 0.16 to 1.61). PAPP-A was not associated with very preterm (OR 2.95; 95% CI: 0.69 to 12.60) or preterm birth (OR 0.71; 95% CI: 0.23 to 2.21). Low first-trimester fßhCG was a strong predictor for very preterm birth in twin gestations. Low first-trimester PAPP-A was associated with a trend in increased risk of very preterm birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-494
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Free βhCG
  • PAPP-A
  • Preterm birth
  • Preterm labor
  • Twin gestation

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