Dangerous reef aquaristics: Palytoxin of a brown encrusting anemone causes toxic corneal reactions

Yasmin Ruiz, Joan Fuchs, Ralf Beuschel, Markus Tschopp, David Goldblum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although frequently observed in domestic saltwater aquariums, literature on exposure to palytoxin (PTX) of encrusting anemones (Zoanthidea) kept in aquariums is rare. Handling these animals for propagation purposes or during cleaning work can lead to dermal, ocular or respiratory contact with the PTX generated by some Zoanthids. The present study describes a case of ocular exposure to liquid from a Zoanthid, which led to corneal ulcers. The patient also suffered from systemic symptoms of dyspnea and shivering and a suspected rhabdomyolysis, which required monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit. After symptomatic treatment provided insufficient results, the corneal ulcers improved with an amniotic membrane transplantation. A review of the literature regarding ocular exposures to this diverse order of Hexacorallia reveals that severe and systemic symptoms can develop with minimal contact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-45
Number of pages4
JournalToxicon
Volume106
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amniotic membrane transplantation
  • Aquarium
  • Corneal ulcer
  • Palytoxin

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Dangerous reef aquaristics: Palytoxin of a brown encrusting anemone causes toxic corneal reactions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this