D'Amico risk stratification correlates with degree of suspicion of prostate cancer on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging

Ardeshir R. Rastinehad, Angelo A. Baccala, Paul H. Chung, Juan M. Proano, Jochen Kruecker, Sheng Xu, Julia K. Locklin, Baris Turkbey, Joanna Shih, Gennady Bratslavsky, W. Marston Linehan, Neil D. Glossop, Pingkun Yan, Samuel Kadoury, Peter L. Choyke, Bradford J. Wood, Peter A. Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose We determined whether there is a correlation between D'Amico risk stratification and the degree of suspicion of prostate cancer on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging based on targeted biopsies done with our electromagnetically tracked magnetic resonance imaging/ultrasound fusion platform. Materials and Methods A total of 101 patients underwent 3 Tesla multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate, consisting of T2, dynamic contrast enhanced, diffusion weighted and spectroscopy images in cases suspicious for or with a diagnosis of prostate cancer. All prostate magnetic resonance imaging lesions were then identified and graded by the number of positive modalities, including low2 or fewer, moderate3 and high4 showing suspicion on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. The biopsy protocol included standard 12-core biopsy, followed by real-time magnetic resonance imaging/ultrasound fusion targeted biopsies of the suspicious magnetic resonance lesions. Cases and lesions were stratified by the D'Amico risk stratification. Results In this screening population 90.1% of men had a negative digital rectal examination. Mean ± SD age was 62.7 ± 8.3 years and median prostate specific antigen was 5.8 ng/ml. Of the cases 54.5% were positive for cancer on protocol biopsy. Chi-square analysis revealed a statistically significant correlation between magnetic resonance suspicion and D'Amico risk stratification (p <0.0001). Within cluster resampling demonstrated a statistically significant correlation between magnetic resonance suspicion and D'Amico risk stratification for magnetic resonance targeted core biopsies and magnetic resonance lesions (p <0.01) Conclusions Our data support the notion that using multiparametric magnetic resonance prostate imaging one may assess the degree of risk associated with magnetic resonance visible lesions in the prostate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-820
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume185
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biopsy
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • prostate
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • ultrasonography

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