Cuneiform (cuniculatum) variant of oral squamous cell carcinoma revisited: Presentation of two cases and literature review of a rare entity

John E. Beute, Gabriella T. Seo, Lily A. Greenberg, Neil Mundi, Eric M. Dowling, Ammar Matloob, Azita S. Khorsandi, Margaret Brandwein-Weber, Mark L. Urken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Oral carcinoma cuniculatum (OCC) is a rare, locally aggressive tumor, which tends to invade underlying bone. We present two cases of OCC, one demonstrating invasion of the mandible and the other limited to the tongue. Methods: An 87-year-old male presented with a right-sided buccogingival lesion. Biopsy results led to a diagnosis of verrucous hyperplasia, which was later revised to OCC. Additionally, a 94-year-old female presented with a left lateral tongue lesion. A biopsy showed in-situ and invasive keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma that was later defined as a soft tissue OCC. Results: Following surgical resection, the diagnosis of OCC was established in both patients. We provide a comprehensive literature review of OCC in the context of both case presentations. Conclusions: OCC is a rare entity, which has a tendency to be misdiagnosed. We emphasize the importance of recognizing the common features of OCC in order to aid in accurate diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E16-E24
JournalHead and Neck
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • carcinoma cuniculatum
  • cuneiform variant squamous cell carcinoma
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • oral tongue

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