CT perfusion-guided patient selection for endovascular recanalization in acute schemic stroke: A multicenter study

Aquilla S. Turk, Jordan Asher Magarick, Don Frei, Kyle Michael Fargen, Imran Chaudry, Christine A. Holmstedt, Joyce Nicholas, J. Mocco, Raymond D. Turner, Daniel Huddle, David Loy, Richard Bellon, Gwendolyn Dooley, Robert Adams, Michelle Whaley, Chris Fanale, Edward Jauch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The treatment of acute ischemic stroke is traditionally centered on time criteria, although recent evidence suggests that physiologic neuroimaging may be useful. In a multicenter study we evaluated the use of CT perfusion, regardless of time from symptom onset, in patients selected for intra-Arterial treatment of ischemic stroke. Methods Three medical centers retrospectively assessed stroke patients with a National Institute of Health Stroke Scale of ?8, regardless of time from symptom onset. CT perfusion maps were qualitatively assessed. Patients with defined salvageable penumbra underwent intra-Arterial revascularization of their occlusion. Functional outcome using the modified Rankin Score (mRS) was recorded. Results Two hundred and forty-seven patients were selected to undergo intra-Arterial treatment based on CT perfusion imaging. The median time from symptom onset to procedure was 6 h. Patients were divided into two groups for analysis: ?8 h and >8 h from symptom onset to endovascular procedure. We found no difference in functional outcome between the two groups (42.8% and 41.9% achieved 90-day mRS ? 2, respectively (p=1.0), and 54.9% vs 55.4% ( p=1.0) achieved 90-day mRS ? 3, respectively). Overall, 48 patients (19.4%) had hemorrhages, of which 20 (8.0%) were symptomatic, with no difference between the groups ( p=1.0). Conclusions In a multicenter study, we demonstrated similar rates of good functional outcome and intracranial hemorrhage in patients with ischemic stroke when endovascular treatment was performed based on CT perfusion selection rather than time-guided selection. Our findings suggest that physiologic imaging-guided patient selection rather than time for endovascular reperfusion in ischemic stroke may be effective and safe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-527
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

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