Critical Care Simulation Education Program During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Evan S. Leibner, Elvera L. Baron, Ronak S. Shah, Yoland Philpotts, Divya Sreeramoju, Yasir Jawaid, Anthony DeVivo, Samuel Acquah, Jean Hsieh, Umesh Gidwani, Andrew B. Leibowitz, Daniel Katz, Roopa Kohli-Seth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Coronaviruses are important emerging human and animal pathogens. SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is responsible for the current global pandemic. Early in the course of the pandemic, New York City became one of the world's "hot spots" with more than 250,000 cases and more than 15,000 deaths. Although medical providers in New York were fortunate to have the knowledge gained in China and Italy before it came under siege, the magnitude and severity of the disease were unprecedented and arguably under appreciated. The surge of patients with significant COVID-19 threatened to overwhelm health care systems, as New York City health systems realized that the number of specialized critical care providers would be inadequate. A large academic medical system recognized that rapid redeployment of noncritical providers into such roles would be needed. An educational gap was therefore identified: numerous providers with minimal critical care knowledge or experience would now be required to provide critical-level patient care under supervision of intensivists. Safe provision of such high level of patient care mandated the development of "educational crash courses." METHODS: The purpose of this special article is to summarize the approach adopted by the Institute for Critical Care Medicine and Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine's Human Emulation, Education, and Evaluation Lab for Patient Safety and Professional Study Simulation Center in developing a training program for noncritical care providers in this novel disease. RESULTS: Using this joint approach, we were able to swiftly educate a wide range of nonintensive care unit providers (such as surgical, internal medicine, nursing, and advanced practice providers) by focusing on refreshing critical care knowledge and developing essential skillsets to assist in the care of these patients. CONCLUSIONS: We believe that the practical methods reviewed here could be adopted by any health care system that is preparing for an unprecedented surge of critically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e810-e815
JournalJournal of Patient Safety
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022


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