Coupling Toll-like receptor signaling with phagocytosis: potentiation of antigen presentation

J. Magarian Blander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Much attention has focused on the role of co-stimulation in dictating tolerance versus immunity to internalized antigens, with the assumption that the presentation of antigen-derived peptides by MHC molecules occurs constitutively. Here, I highlight our new appreciation for the regulated presentation of phagocytosed antigens by MHC class II molecules as a direct result of controlling phagosome maturation by Toll-like receptors. I discuss how the mode of antigen delivery into dendritic cells coupled with the right type of signal transduction pathway can impact greatly not only the co-stimulatory context in which the antigen is presented to naive T cells (signal 2) but MHC-II presentation of the antigen and formation of the T-cell receptor ligand (signal 1) itself.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalTrends in Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007


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