Coupling to a glioblastoma-directed antibody potentiates antitumor activity of curcumin

Phyllis Langone, Priya Ranjan Debata, Joseph Del Rosario Inigo, Sukanta Dolai, Sumit Mukherjee, Peter Halat, Kristina Mastroianni, Gina Marie Curcio, Mario R. Castellanos, Krishnaswami Raja, Probal Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current therapies for glioblastoma are largely palliative, involving surgical resection followed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy, which yield serious side effects and very rarely produce complete recovery. Curcumin, a food component, blocked brain tumor formation but failed to eliminate established brain tumors in vivo, probably because of its poor bioavailability. In the glioblastoma GL261 cells, it suppressed the tumor-promoting proteins NF-κB, P-Akt1, vascular endothelial growth factor, cyclin D1 and BCl XL and triggered cell death. Expression of exogenous p50 and p65 subunits of NF-κB conferred partial protection on transfected GL261 cells against curcumin insult, indicating that NF-κB played a key role in protecting glioblastoma cells. To enhance delivery, we coupled curcumin to the glioblastoma-specific CD68 antibody in a releasable form. This resulted in a 120-fold increase in its efficacy to eliminate GL261 cells. A very similar dose response was also obtained with human glioblastoma lines T98G and U87MG. GL261-implanted mice receiving intratumor infusions of the curcumin-CD68 adduct followed by tail-vein injections of solubilized curcumin displayed a fourfold to fivefold reduction in brain tumor load, survived longer, and about 10% of them lived beyond 100 days. Hematoxylin-eosin staining of brain sections revealed a small scar tissue mass in the rescued mice, indicating adduct-mediated elimination of glioblastoma tumor. The tumor cells were strongly CD68+ and some cells in the tumor periphery were strongly positive for microglial Iba1, but weakly positive for CD68. This strategy of antibody targeting of curcumin to tumor comes with the promise of yielding a highly effective therapy for glioblastoma brain tumors. What's new? Curcumin, the most active ingredient of the yellow spice turmeric traditionally used in Indian cuisine, has known antitumor activities. However, its low bioavailability is a major obstacle to its use in cancer therapy. Here the authors tested the efficacy of curcumin in cell culture and mouse models of glioblastoma, a highly treatment-resistant brain cancer. Curcumin was reversibly coupled to the glioblastoma-specific CD68 antibody, which resulted in a markedly increased efficacy to eliminate glioblastoma cells in vivo. The study raises hope that with the appropriate targeting curcumin may rise to a new anti-brain cancer agent in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)710-719
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume135
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Akt-1
  • Brain tumor
  • Cancer
  • Curcumin
  • NF-κB
  • Targeting

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