Coupling of glucagon receptor to adenylyl cyclase. Requirement of a receptor-related guanyl nucleotide binding site for coupling of receptor to the enzyme

R. Iyengar, T. L. Swartz, L. Birnbaumer

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19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of glucagon and guanyl nucleotides on the rat liver plasma membrane adenylyl cyclase were studied. It was established that: 1) glucagon stimulates the fully guanyl-5'-yl imidodiphosphate (GMP-P(NH)P)-activated enzyme between 20 and 70%, provided a guanyl nucleotide is present in the assay; 2) glucagon has no effect on adenylyl cyclase activity in membranes activated fully by GMP-P(NH)P and then washed free of nucleotides. It is concluded that occupancy of the guanyl nucleotide binding site that activates the catalytic moiety of the system is not sufficient to promote hormone-receptor coupling to adenylyl cyclase and that occupancy of a second site by guanyl nucleotides is essential to effect stimulation of adenylyl cyclase by the glucagon receptor complex. The data presented raise the question whether the guanyl nucleotide site that promotes coupling is distinct from the guanyl nucleotide site that modulates binding of glucagon to receptor and whether the occupancy of the guanyl nucleotide site associated with the catalytic moiety is necessary for coupling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1119-1123
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume254
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1979
Externally publishedYes

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