Country of birth and suicide: A follow-up study of a national cohort in Sweden

Jeanette Westman, Jan Sundquist, Leena Maria Johansson, Sven Erik Johansson, Kristina Sundquist

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine whether the hypothesized association between country of birth and suicide rates remains after adjustment for age, marital status, socioeconomic status, and hospitalization due to psychiatric disorders or substance abuse. A Swedish cohort of 4.4 million individuals aged 25-64 years was followed from January 1, 1994, to December 31, 1999 for suicide. Suicide rates varied according to country of birth. Among men the highest risk of suicide was found among men from Finland. Among women the highest risk of suicide was found among women from Finland, Poland, and Eastern Europe. Key factors to prevent suicide include early detection and treatment of psychiatric disorders and/or substance abuse, especially among certain population groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-248
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gender
  • Immigrants
  • Psychiatric diagnosis
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Suicide

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