Country of birth and body mass index: A national study of 2,000 immigrants in Sweden

Per Erik Wändeil, Sari Ponzer, Sven Erik Johansson, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyse the influence of country of birth on body mass index (BMI) after adjustment for age, educational status, physical activity and smoking habits. Two random samples of men and women, aged 27-60, were used: 1,957 immigrants and 2,975 Swedes, both from 1996. Men and women were analysed in separate models by the use of linear regression. The BMI levels were significantly higher among Polish (0.8 BMI units) and Chilean (0.7 BMI units) men, and Chilean (1.9 BMI units) and Turkish (1.5 BMI units) women than among their Swedish controls, after adjustment for all explanatory variables. Other intermediate risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as physical inactivity and daily smoking, were also more frequent among almost all the immigrant subgroups. This study shows a strong influence of country of birth on BMI even after adjustment for age, educational status, physical activity and smoking habits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BMI
  • Country of birth
  • Physical activity
  • Survey

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Country of birth and body mass index: A national study of 2,000 immigrants in Sweden'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this