Costs and Healthcare Resource Utilization Associated with Idarucizumab or Andexanet Alfa Oral Anticoagulant Reversal in Patients Hospitalized with Life-Threatening Bleeds

Alex C. Spyropoulos, Bríain Hartaigh, Zhun Cao, Harjeet Caberwal, Craig Lipkin, Michaela Petrini, Cheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To assess costs and healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) associated with the use of idarucizumab for the reversal of dabigatran and andexanet alfa for the reversal of direct oral Factor Xa inhibitors. Methods: This retrospective study utilizing Premier Healthcare Database (PHD) included patients aged ≥18 years on direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) who experienced life-threatening bleeds, discharged from the hospital during 5/1/2018–6/30/2019, and received idarucizumab or andexanet alfa. Inverse of treatment probability weighting (IPTW) method was used to balance patient and clinical characteristics between treatment cohorts. Results: Idarucizumab patients were older than andexanet alfa patients (median age 81 vs 77 years; p < 0.001), and less likely to experience intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) (37.1%vs 73.8%; p = 0.001). After IPTW adjustment, idarucizumab patients incurred lower mean total hospital costs ($30,413 ± $33,028 vs $44,477 ± $30,036; p < 0.001),and mean intensive care unit (ICU) cost ($25,114 ± $30,433 vs $43,484 ± $29,335; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Anticoagulant reversal therapy with idarucizumab was associated with significantly lower adjusted mean total hospital and ICU costs compared with andexanet alfa. However, a higher prevalence of ICH bleeds was noted in the andexanet alfa group. Trial Registration: Not applicable.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
Volume28
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • andexanet alfa
  • anticoagulation
  • cost
  • healthcare resource utilization
  • idarucizumab
  • reversal

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