China has the largest population of adults with hypertension in the world. Recent clinical trials have shown that intensive hypertension control can help patients achieve lower blood pressure and reduce the incidence of major cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, but this level of hypertension control also incurs additional costs to patients and society and may result in a substantial increase in adverse events. The objective of this study is to assess the cost-effectiveness of intensive hypertension control to inform health policymakers and health care delivery systems in China in their decision-making regarding hypertension treatment strategies. We developed a Markov based simulation model of hypertension to assess the impact of intensive and standard hypertension control strategies for the Chinese population who are diagnosed with hypertension. Model parameters were estimated based on the best available data and the literature. We projected that intensive hypertension control would avert about 2.2 million coronary heart disease events and 4.4 million stroke events for all hypertensive patients in China in 10 years compared to standard hypertension control. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) for intensive hypertension control was estimated at 7876 CNY per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) compared to standard hypertension control. Intensive hypertension control would be more cost-effective than standard hypertension control in China. Our findings indicated that China should consider expanding intensive hypertension control among hypertensive patients given its great potential in preventing CVD.
- Cardiovascular disease
- Cost-effectiveness analysis