Coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention after transcatheter aortic valve replacement with medtronic self-expanding prosthesis: Insights from correlations with computer tomography

Muhammad Khan, Nagendra Boopathy Senguttuvan, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Yuliya Vengrenyuk, Gilbert H.L. Tang, Samin K. Sharma, Annapoorna Kini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: We aim to describe the feasibility, challenges, success rates and techniques utilized in coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients post transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background: CA and PCI after TAVR are becoming increasingly encountered in clinical practice. There have been technical difficulties reported in re-accessing the coronary arteries through the self-expanding CoreValve prosthesis. Methods: From January 2012 to November 2017, 672 patients who underwent TAVR with a self-expanding prosthesis were retrospectively reviewed and those who had a CA and/or PCI post TAVR were analysed. Clinical characteristics, angiographic and procedural details were obtained. A subgroup of patients had computed tomographic angiography (CTA) post TAVR to evaluate positions of the coronary ostia relative to the self-expanding prosthesis. Study endpoint was successful selective engagement of coronary ostia for CA and PCI. Results: Thirty-two patients (4.8%) had attempted 46 CA and 26 PCI after TAVR with a self-expanding valve. Mean age was 85.2 years and 41% were females. Selective left and right coronary angiography using standard catheters could be achieved in 50% and 28% of cases respectively. Successful PCI was performed in 25 cases (96%); however, significant technique modification was required in 64% of cases. CTA in 9 patients confirmed the difficulty in coronary re-access was due to a combination of the sealing skirt relationship to coronary ostia and sinotubular junction as well as commissural post orientation and significant native leaflet calcification. Conclusions: CA and PCI post TAVR with self-expanding CoreValve is technically challenging but feasible with modification of standard techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-24
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume317
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Coronary angiography
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Self- expanding valve
  • TAVR

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