Keratometry and corneal topography remain the most important means of evaluating induced corneal changes after surgery and have comparable sensitivities in the paracentral region of the cornea. However, keratometry gives no information about the peripheral cornea or about asymmetry of the cornea. Videokeratography should be performed after cataract surgery in cases in which best-corrected visual acuity is not adequate and there are no other obvious causes for poor vision to determine whether corneal irregularities are present. The recent literature on corneal topographic evaluation of induced astigmatism after cataract surgery suggests that in general, smaller, temporal incisions result in less astigmatism. Preoperatively, corneal topography can be used in the calculation of intraocular lens power as well as incision planning. Postoperatively, it can be used to detect tight sutures, torsion of the wound, internal wound gape, and irregular astigmatism, as well as to guide suture removal. In the future, corneal topography will become increasingly important in the determination of intraocular lens power in difficult cases such as patients undergoing combined cataract extraction and penetrating keratoplasty as well as patients with a history of radial keratotomy or photorefractive surgery.