Contrast-enhanced dixon fat-water separation imaging of the spine: Added value of fat, in-phase and opposed-phase imaging in marrow lesion detection

Sergey I. Zhadanov, Amish H. Doshi, Puneet S. Pawha, Idoia Corcuera-Solano, Lawrence N. Tanenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Beyond fat suppression (FS), the efficacy of (fat-water separation or Dixon [FWD]) Dixon imaging in gadolinium-enhanced spine imaging has yet to be validated. This study evaluated enhanced opposedphase (OP) and fat-only (FO) images along with water-only (WO; FS) images against traditional unenhanced techniques and rated the incremental value of in-phase imaging in patients with presumed neoplastic focal spine lesions. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 36 subjects with focal spine lesions imaged with FWD was evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively. Results: Enhanced OP, WO, and FO images were of significant value in detection of osseous lesions, surpassing the lesion conspicuity with conventional techniques both qualitatively and quantitatively, although the impact of in-phase imaging was limited. Water-only imaging performed well for FS. Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced FO, WO, and OP outperform traditional techniques, providing reliable lesion characterization and highest conspicuity. In-phase imaging offered limited impact on the subjective assessment of enhancement. The added value and robustness of FWD, particularly the unique contrast provided by FO imaging, suggests consideration for routine use for postgadolinium spine imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)985-990
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Bone marrow lesion
  • Fat suppression
  • Fat-water separation or Dixon
  • Spine MRI

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