Introduction: The recurrent laryngeal nerves(RLN) run immediately posterior to the thyroid capsule and could be injured during thyroid radiofrequency ablation(RFA). This study assesses whether RLN functional integrity is altered during RFA using continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring(CIONM). Methods: Prospective case series of twenty nodules treated with RFA under general anesthesia utilizing the laryngeal adductor reflex(LAR) for CIONM. Results: Thirteen nodules abutted the posterior thyroid capsule and ‘danger triangle’ for RLN injury. The ablative field did not breach the posterior capsule; 40 W was the maximal power used adjacent to the capsule. No patient experienced significant LAR amplitude alterations. Pre and postoperative laryngoscopy and voice assessments were comparable. At 12 months’ median follow-up, no patient displayed posterior nodule regrowth.
- Recurrent laryngeal nerve